Martin Weiss Safe Money Report    
About WeissSafe Money ProductsOur Service GuaranteeHow to Contact Us  
Subscribers Enter Here

Risk Reports
About Our Staff
Sample Issue
Investment Tools
Favorite Links
Glossary and FAQs
Safe Money Report

Investment and Financial FAQs

What is a short sale?
The act of selling a borrowed security that the investor does not own in the hopes of buying it back later at a lower price.

What are LEAPS?
The acronym stands for Long-Term Equity AnticiPation Securities. LEAPS are just options with terms from 1 to 3 years.

Are all option contracts based on 100 shares?
All options that trade on listed exchanges in the U.S. are based on 100 shares of stock. Occasionally, there are some exceptions, chiefly when two companies with listed options merge. When this happens and you own an option on one of the companies' shares, it's best to check with your broker to see if there are any changes in the option.

What is the difference between a Treasury Bill, a Treasury Note and a Treasury Bond?
T-bills are short-term government debt instruments with maturities of 3, 6 or 12 months. T-notes are longer-term government debt instruments with maturities from one to 10 years. T-bonds are government debt instruments with maturities over 10 years.

What does "cover" mean in relation to a short sale?
To eliminate a short position by buying the underlying securities.

What does "or better" mean when you give instructions to buy or sell a stock?
When buying, it means purchasing the investment at the stated price or lower, if possible. When selling, it means at the stated sale price or higher.

What is the difference between debt and equity financing?
Companies must raise money to finance their on-going operations. The two basic methods are debt and equity. With debt, money is borrowed under an agreement to repay over a period of time at a specific interest rate. Equity financing is the selling of an ownership stake in the company.

What is leverage?
In investments, this is the control of a large amount of money by a smaller amount of money. In finance, this is the relationship of debt to equity on a company's balance sheet. The higher the debt in relation to equity, the more leverage exists.

What is a derivative security?
A financial instrument whose value is based on, and determined by, another security or benchmark. This includes: options, futures, interest rate swaps, and floating-rate notes.

What are futures contracts?
A commodity exchange agreement to sell or buy a specific amount of a commodity or security at a specific price and time.

What does a "protective stop" mean?
A protective stop is used to help mitigate the risk of loss in a particular investment. For example, when you own a security, you could place an order with your broker to sell if the security falls below a certain point. In other words, you would use a protective stop to sell out the security when its price falls to a point where the expected uptrend is no longer valid.

In a short sale, a protective stop is an order to purchase the security when its price rises to a point where the expected downtrend is no longer valid.

Note: Placing a protective stop does not guarantee that your order will be filled at the "stop price." Depending on market conditions, the price your stop order is filled at may vary, either better or worse for you. Still, a protective stop can go a long way in helping you reduce overall risk.

Back to Glossary & FAQs Index >>

Technical FAQs

Product FAQs


Options Guide

Risk Ratings Guide

Investment Tools Guide

Home | Current Issue | Investment Tools | Risk Ratings
About Our Staff | Sample Issue | Testimonials

® 2001 Weiss Incorporated
4176 Burns Road, Palm Beach, FL 20005
tel: (561) 627-3300 - fax: (561) 625-6685